Extra Milk? Make Homemade Feta Cheese

Last week I made homemade feta cheese.  It arose out of a pre-Thanksgiving decision to buy extra milk.  With a couple kids home from college and Grandma visiting, I figured we’d go through a couple gallons more. Wrong. 

Homemade feta cheese, with salad

Homemade feta cheese, with salad

We were even full up on milk jam (a caramel syrup made from milk and sugar), which is my kids’ first choice when we have milk to spare.

A spoonful of milk jam carmamel

A spoonful of milk jam

You see, I abhor waste.  When I reach into the back of my vegetable drawer and hit a fuzzy green pepper, my reaction goes beyond eeuuuww

I feel shame.  All year, it goes against the frugal in me, but during the holidays, when food pantries are reminding us that many people don’t have enough to eat, the guilt is twice as bad.

According to various sources:

“Getting food from the farm to our fork eats up 10 percent of the total U.S. energy budget, uses 50 percent of U.S. land, and swallows 80 percent of all freshwater consumed in the United States. Yet, 40 percent of food in the United States today goes uneaten.”  National Resources Defense Council

“Food scraps are the No. 1 material sent to landfills in the U.S.—more than paper or plastic, according to the Environmental Protection Agency.” Bloomberg Businessweek  

‘Nuf said?

Homemade feta cheese on a salad

Perfect for salads!

So when life gives me (extra) milk, I make homemade feta cheese.  Feta is great for beginning home cheesemakers because it requires only one special ingredient–rennet, which is easily ordered over the internet and lasts a long time (they say 4-6 mo but mine is years old and still works).   And it doesn’t require any unusual technical skills like pressing or aging.

On Milk

Now I do want to emphasize is that you don’t want to be making your cheese with spoiled milk.  If I heard one thing over and over at the American Cheese Society conference this summer, it was that the quality of your cheese depends on the quality of your milk.  Ideally cheese would be made when your milk was freshest but I have found that the feta is fine as long as the milk is still good.  So when I realize that expiration is a few days off and we have more than we’ll drink, I pull out my big stock pot and start working.  The other milk comment I need to make is that ultra-pasteurized milk (also called ultra-heat-treated) will not work (from all accounts that I’ve read).  And of course be wary of the remote chance of culturing something unwanted.  This has only happened to me once–and then with yogurt, years ago while making it in a thermal carafe on the heater in my dorm room. If something (anything, not just dairy!) that you are preparing tastes, smells or appears bad, err on the side of caution and toss it out.

Marinated homemade feta cheese

Delicious tossed with herbs, olive oil and white wine winegar

Here is how easy it is…

You heat your milk to 86 F, then add cultured buttermilk.  Let it sit for an hour while maintaining the temperature.

heating milk for homemade feta

Heat milk to 86 F

Add rennet and stir into milk.  Cover and allow to set another hour to coagulate.  Keep temperature at 86. (hence the towels, during winter).

Homemade feta cooking pot covered in towels

Add rennet, then hold at 86F

Test that it is ready by making a “slice” in the pot.  This should create a clean cut.  If it doesn’t, let it sit and retest in 5 minutes.  When ready, cut the curds into 1/2 inch cubes and allow to rest five minutes. Turn gently for 15 minutes, keeping the curds at 86 degrees. 

Slice homemade feta into curds

Slice into curds when a cut makes a clean break

After stirring, pour curds into a cheesecloth lined colander, tie the curds and hang to drain for 4 – 6 hours. (Note you can save the whey to make ricotta, but my yield from a gallon of milk has never been high enough to justify the work)

drain homemade feta


Tie homemade feta curds in cheesecloth

Tie cheesecloth

Hang homemade feta in cheesecloth to drain

Hang for 4-6 hours

Slice the cheese ball into 1/2 inch slices and place in container that will catch precipitating liquid. Sprinkle all surfaces with coarse salt and cover.  Allow to drain at room temperature for 24 hours.

slice homemade feta



Salt and drain homemade feta

Salt and let drain

When you are done you can brine it if you like.  I don’t typically brine mine, since it is already salty from the preparation process and it disappears so quickly.  I usually toss it with dried oregano, dried minced onion, olive oil, and white wine vinegar, then when the cheese is running low, I use the leftover ”juices” and little bits of feta as salad dressing.

Homemade feta cheese

Homemade feta cheese

Homemade Feta Cheese
Serves 16
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Total Time
32 hr
Total Time
32 hr
124 calories
12 g
20 g
5 g
8 g
3 g
248 g
128 g
13 g
0 g
1 g
Nutrition Facts
Serving Size
Amount Per Serving
Calories 124
Calories from Fat 44
% Daily Value *
Total Fat 5g
Saturated Fat 3g
Trans Fat 0g
Polyunsaturated Fat 0g
Monounsaturated Fat 1g
Cholesterol 20mg
Sodium 128mg
Total Carbohydrates 12g
Dietary Fiber 0g
Sugars 13g
Protein 8g
Vitamin A
Vitamin C
* Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet. Your Daily Values may be higher or lower depending on your calorie needs.
  1. 1 gallon milk
  2. 1/4 c cultured buttermilk
  3. 1/4 t liquid rennet
  4. Coarse sea salt
  1. Warm milk to 86 degrees F and stir in buttermilk. Let set one hour to ripen.
  2. Add rennet and stir into milk. Cover and allow to set another hour to coagulate. Keep temperature at 86.
  3. Cut the curds into 1/2 inch cubes and allow to rest five minutes. Turn gently for 15 minutes, keeping the curds at 86 degrees.
  4. Pour curds into a cheesecloth lined colander, tie the curds and hang to drain for 4 – 6 hours.
  5. Slice the cheese ball into 1/2 inch slices and place in container that will catch precipitating liquid. Sprinkle all surfaces with coarse salt and cover. Allow to drain at room temperature for 24 hours.
  6. After 24 hours, salt the surfaces again and let it rest for two hours. Store in refrigerator. If desired, you can cover with a brine of 1/4 c salt to 1 quart of water (optional)
Art of Natural Living https://artofnaturalliving.com/

12 thoughts on “Extra Milk? Make Homemade Feta Cheese

    1. Inger Post author

      It’s actually easy Kathy, just takes a bit of elapsed time! I have a whole list of things I think are actually brilliant–wine, beer, fancier cheese, pretty decorated cookies (my nemesis) … Hmmm, perhaps some of those don’t require brilliance either (okay I know the cookies do…)

  1. Kathy

    Such a wonderful way to use up extra milk. My grandfather and mother used to make cheese…I’ve always wanted to give it a try. I’ll have to try the feta soon! Homemade feta sounds lovely!

  2. Louise

    Homemade Feta does sound “lovely” Inger. I may even be inclined to try it myself. I usually buy milk from the dairy. It’s so delicious from those glass bottle. If I ever have extra, I usually make yogurt. Yogurt making is the same principle as the cheese. Instead of rennet you use yogurt culture.

    Congratulations on your cheese making Inger. You did GREAT! Don’t be too hard on yourself though:)

    1. Inger Post author

      You know Louise, adding the buttermilk is really equivalent to adding the yogurt culture and the rennet is the step that takes it from cultured milk (like yogurt or buttermilk) to cheese. If you make yogurt you are already a pro though. I agree that the best milk is from the dairy!

    1. Inger Post author

      The really amazing thing is how excited my kids get by this. Sometimes they think I’m a little nuts, but they love this one!

  3. Leyla

    I have been succesfully making yogurt from organic whole milk in mason jars. I definetely want to try making cheese. How can I keep an 86 F temperature while processing the steps?
    Thank you!

    1. Inger Post author

      I took it off the heat then put the lid on and wrapped it in towels. A heavier pan helps too. If you check and it’s dropped more than a couple degrees, you can also reheat it very briefly, but if I remember correctly the towels worked surprisingly well. Good luck!

      Did you know that you can also make sour cream at home? You can use sour cream or buttermilk as the starter, put it into cream or part cream/part milk, then leave the mixture out about 24 hours and then it’s sour cream (or sour half & half). Have fun!

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